# English-French dictionary » Conversion of length units in English

Converting between American and English units of measurement (collectively known as Anglo-Saxon units) can be quite a challenge for European people. If you want to know how many centimeters are in 1 inch or how many centimeters are in 1 foot, you've come to the right place!

We have gathered the conversions for English length units for you.

## Metric System vs. Anglo-Saxon Units

In Europe, we use the so-called metric system, which is logically structured: the powers of 10 (10, 100, 1000, etc.) serve as conversion factors between different units of measurement (e.g., mm to cm). We learn how to convert units of measurement in elementary school, and we can do it in our sleep.

The system, also known as the SI system, is prevalent throughout Europe and most of the world.

However, there are still some countries that adhere to Anglo-Saxon units of measurement. The funny thing is that England itself has also switched to the metric system, but the United States, several former British colonies (e.g., India, Sri Lanka), as well as Canada and New Zealand, still use English units of measurement.

These units of measurement were established based on custom or the size of certain physical objects. Therefore, converting English units of measurement is not logically deducible; you simply have to memorize them.

## English Length Units

It's good to know that "inch", "col" all refer to the same unit of measurement. Additionally, "col" is often written as "coll" or "zol." So, whether you're asking how many centimeters are in 1 inch or how many centimeters are in 1 hüvelyk, you should receive the same answer.

Unit of Measurement Abbreviation Conversion Factor to the Next Unit Meter
thou th 0.0000254 -
inch in 1000 thou 0.0254 col
foot ft 12 inches 0.3048 feet
yard yd 3 feet 0.9144
chain ch 22 yards 20.1168 -
furlong fur 10 chains 201.168 -
mile ml 8 furlongs 1609.344
league lea 3 miles 4828.032 -

### Maritime Units of Measurement

In navigation, whether you're on an ocean liner, a sailboat on Lake Balaton, or a riverboat on the Danube, maritime units of measurement are used worldwide.

Unit of Measurement Abbreviation Conversion Factor to the Next Unit Meter
fathom ftm 2.02667 yards 1.853184
cable 100 fathoms 185.3184
nautical mile 1853.184

## Key English Length Unit Conversions

Enter any value in any field, and you can view the results:

 cm meter km foot Inch Yard Mile

The part of Anglo-Saxon length units listed in the table above, such as thou, chain, furlong, and league, are no longer in practical use. Therefore, we only provide conversions for the more important units.

### Conversion of Miles to Kilometers

1 mile = 1.6 km = 1609.34 m

### Conversion of Kilometers to Miles

1 km = 0.62 miles

### Conversion of Yards to Meters

1 yard = 0.91 m = 91.44 cm

### Conversion of Meters to Yards

1 meter = 1.09 yards

### Conversion of Feet to Meters

1 foot = 0.3 m = 30.48 cm

### Conversion of Meters to Feet

1 meter = 0.28 feet

### Conversion of Inches to Centimeters

1 inch = 0.03 m = 2.54 cm*

1 cm = 0.4 inch

### Conversion of Col to Centimeters

1 col = 0.03 m = 2.54 cm*

1 cm = 0.4 col*

### Conversion of inch to Centimeters

1 inch = 0.03 m = 2.54 cm*

1 cm = 0.4 inch*

### Conversion of Nautical Miles to Kilometers

1 nautical mile = 1.85 km = 1852 m

### Conversion of Kilometers to Nautical Miles

1 km = 0.54 nautical miles

*The terms "inch", "col" refer to the same unit of measurement.